«We don’t want your help,» says the sex worker Undine from Hamburg, «because we do our work voluntarily.» Together with colleagues, she has founded a professional association that works for the recognition of sex work as a profession. The prostitutes defend themselves against feminists and politicians who demand a ban on sex buying like in Sweden. The Swedish model is considered exemplary, but a look behind the scenes shows that it is anything but ideal and criminalises and endangers not only clients but also prostitutes. Swedish sex workers talk about their fears, and a leading official at the social welfare office admits that he himself is becoming increasingly sceptical. Cultural historian Susanne Dodillet explains why the Swedish model is hardly suitable for other countries.